1900 United States Census

Record Description

The U.S. federal census was conducted each decade from 1790 to the present. This information pertains to the census conducted in 1900.

Population schedules consist of large sheets with rows and columns. The schedules are arranged by state, county, place, and enumeration district. The districts are not always filed in sequential order. The arrangement of families on a schedule is usually in the order in which the enumerator visited the households.

Federal census takers were asked to record information about all those who were in a household on the census day, which was June 1 for the 1900 census. A census taker might have visited a house on a later date, but the information collected was supposed to have been about the people who were in the residence on the census day. The basic census enumeration unit was the county. Each county was divided into enumeration districts, one for each enumerator. The completed forms were then sent to the Census Office of the Commerce Department in Washington, D.C. The 1900 census covers 95 to 97 percent of the population.

The U.S. federal census has been taken at the beginning of every decade, beginning in 1790, to apportion the number of representatives a state could send to the House of Representatives. In the absence of a national system of vital registration, many vital statistics and personal questions were asked to provide a statistical profile of the nation and its states.

Federal censuses are usually reliable, depending on the knowledge of the informant and the care taken by the census enumerator. Realize that any family member or even a neighbor may have supplied information to the census taker. Some information may have been incorrect or deliberately falsified.

Record Content

The 1900 census includes the following genealogical information:

* State, county, township, and enumeration district where census was taken
* Street address and house number
* Name of head of household
* Names of all members of household
* Relationship to head of household
* Race
* Gender
* Month and year of birth
* Age
* Marital status
* Number of years married
* Number of children born to mother
* Number of children still living
* Each household member's birthplace
* Birthplace of person's father
* Birthplace of person's mother
* Year of immigration and number of years in the United States
* Whether a naturalized citizen
* Occupation
* Months attended school
* Whether member can, read, write and speak English

The census also includes the following information for people who lived in Alaska:

* Tribe and clan
* Date of locating to Alaska
* Occupation in Alaska
* Post office address at home

The census also includes the following information for Native Americans (Indians):

* Indian name
* Tribe of the individual and names of their parents
* Percentage of white blood
* If married, whether living in polygamy
* Whether taxed
* Year of citizenship
* Whether citizenship was acquired by land allotment

The census also includes the following information for people living in the Hawaiian Islands:

* Year of immigration and number of years lived in the Hawaiian Islands

The census also includes the following information about people serving in the military or navy:

* Name of military, naval station, or vessel
* Company or troop, regiment, and arm of service
* Rank grade or class
* Residence in the United States